LLE Review 167
This volume of LLE Review 167 covers the period from April–June 2021. Articles appearing in this volume are the principal summarized results for long-form research articles. Readers seeking a more-detailed account of research activities are invited to seek out the primary materials appearing in print, detailed in the publications and presentations section at the end of this volume.
Highlights of research presented in this volume include the following:
- T. J. B. Collins et al. use 2-D radiation-hydrodynamic modeling of two cryogenic implosions on the OMEGA Laser System to infer the degree of fuel–shell mixing near stagnation (p. 123).
- P. T. Campbell et al. use data from two OMEGA EP campaigns to validate extended-magnetohydrodynamic models that include both nonlocal suppression of Biermann battery field generation and radiation transport (p. 127).
- P. V. Heuer et al. adapt the magnetized liner inertial fusion platform on OMEGA to observe suppression of self-generated magnetic fields in a cylindrical implosion geometry (p. 131).
- A. Colaïtis et al. compare the new fluid-scale laser model IFRIIT to direct-drive implosion experiments on OMEGA, showing excellent agreement with neutron data in the presence of various sources of 3-D effects (cross-beam energy transfer, beam imbalance, target misalignment, etc.) (p. 134).
- A. Lees et al. experimentally infer scaling laws for fusion yields on OMEGA by examining 177 shots and find that optimal yield is obtained for shots with adiabat >4.5 and low in-flight aspect ratio (p. 137).
- A. Shvydky et al. examine shock release in radiation-hydrodynamic models and compare to laser-driven CH shells on OMEGA EP (p. 141). Modeling shows the shock released from the back surface of the foil is strongly dependent on conditions immediately preceding shock breakout (p. 141).
- A. Tentori et al. use a planar target experiment on OMEGA EP to characterize the hot-electron source and shock dynamics relevant to the shock-ignition inertial confinement fusion scheme, and find that the presence of hot electrons increases shock pressure by 25 Mbar up to a peak of 150 Mbar (p. 144).
- A. M. Saunders et al. create intersecting laser-driven tin microjets on OMEGA EP and observe no interaction for jets driven by 11.7-GPa shock pressures, while jets driven by 116-GPa shock pressures show collisions between jet particles resulting in velocity reduction, angular spread, and cloud formation (p. 147).
- P. Franke et al. propose a scheme to use laser pulses with shaped space–time and transverse intensity profiles (flying focus) to drive optical shocks for self-photon acceleration while avoiding group velocity walkoff and dispersion, resulting in dramatic self-steepening and spectral broadening into a multi-octave spectrum supporting pulses with duration <400 as (p. 150).
- D. Ramsey et al. describe nonlinear Thomson scattering with ponderomotive control—an adaptation of flying focus that shapes a single laser pulse to have a backward-propagating intensity peak at focus, driving electron acceleration counter to the phase velocity of the incoming laser pulse (p. 153).
- Y. Zhang et al. simulate kinetics of a magnetized collisionless shock formation using realizable parameters from the magneto-inertial fusion electrical discharge system (MIFEDS) on OMEGA EP and show shocks are collisionless and formed by a modified two-stream instability (p. 155).
- H. G. Rinderknecht et al. derive analytical scaling laws for the radiative properties of magnetic filaments, compare with 3-D particle-in-cell simulations, and describe initial experiments using the Texas Petawatt Laser System. Magnetic filaments are observed on two of eight laser shots, in line with the statistical likelihood of observation (p. 159).
- D. N. Polsin performs simultaneous x-ray diffraction and reflectivity measurements on ramp-compressed sodium using the OMEGA EP laser and observes the hP4 phase at 480 GPa and +3000 K, implying electride formation is possible on nanosecond time scales and at higher temperatures (p. 162).
- V. V. Karasiev et al. report on large-scale ab initio molecular-dynamics simulations elucidating the subcritical character of the insulator–metal transition in warm dense liquid hydrogen (p. 166).
- S. F. Nwabunwanne et al. report on a new generation of fast UV photodiodes using AlxGa1–xN substrates. Measurements show a bias-voltage–independent external quantum efficiency of 1198% at 19.5 V and mobility suitable for 1.31-ps response time (p. 170).
- J. Zhang et al. develop a frequency-domain transfer-matrix approach to solving temporal reflection and refraction at a temporal boundary with finite rise time and find that total internal reflection can occur even for shallow boundaries (p. 173).
- J. Zhang et al. calculate that a temporal analog of a Fabry–Perot resonator can be formed using two moving temporal boundaries inside a dispersive medium (p. 175).
- J. Bromage et al. report first light on the MTW-OPAL (Multi-Terawatt optical parametric amplifier line) Laser System, demonstrating 7.3-J, 19.7-fs pulses with 30%±1.4% pump-to-signal efficiency in the final amplifier (p. 177).
- G. W. Jenkins et al. derive an analytical model for angular alignment tolerance in divided-pulse nonlinear compression and match with experiment (p. 180).
- S. Rai et al. perform a length-scale analysis on oceanographic satellite data and find that wind kills mesoscale eddies at an average rate of 50 GW (p. 182).
- J. Frenje et al. report on the 12th Omega Laser Facility Users Group Workshop, held virtually from 27–30 April 2021 (p. 184).
- J. Puth et al. summarize operations of the Omega Laser Facility during the third quarter of FY21 (p. 187).
Inertial Confinement Fusion
- Direct Evidence of Fuel–Ablator Mix from Monochromatic Time-Gated Radiography in OMEGA Cryogenic Implosions
- Measuring Magnetic-Flux Suppression in High-Power Laser–Plasma Interactions
- Observed Suppression of Self-Generated Magnetic Fields in a Laser-Driven Cylindrical Implosion
- Inverse Ray Tracing on Icosahedral Tetrahedron Grids for Nonlinear Laser–Plasma Interactions Coupled to 3-D Radiation Hydrodynamics
- Experimentally Inferred Fusion-Yield Dependencies of OMEGA Inertial Confinement Fusion Implosions
- Density Evolution After Shock Release from Laser-Driven Polystyrene Targets in Inertial Confinement Fusion
- Experimental Characterization of Hot-Electron Emission and Shock Dynamics in the Context of the Shock-Ignition Approach to Inertial Confinement Fusion
Plasma and Ultrafast Physics
- Experimental Observations of Laser-Driven Tin Ejecta Microjet Interactions
- Optical Shock-Enhanced Self-Photon Acceleration
- Nonlinear Thomson Scattering of Spatiotemporally Shaped Laser Pulses
- Kinetic Simulation Study of Magnetized Collisionless Shock Formation on a Terawatt Laser System
- Relativistically Transparent Magnetic Filaments: Scaling Laws, Initial Results, and Prospects for Strong-Field Quantum Electrodynamics Studies
- Ramp-Compressed Sodium at 480 GPa: A Dense Plasma Electride
- On the Liquid–Liquid Phase Transition in Dense Hydrogen
Diagnostic Science and Detectors
- Impact of Electrode Geometry on the Efficiency of Metal–Semiconductor–Metal AlGaN Ultraviolet Photodiodes
- Impact of Boundary Sharpness on Temporal Reflection in Dispersive Media
- Time-Domain Fabry–Perot Resonators Formed Inside a Dispersive Medium
Laser Technology and Development
- MTW-OPAL: A Technology Development Platform for Ultra-Intense All-OPCPA Systems
- Alignment Tolerance Analysis for Divided-Pulse Nonlinear Compression
- Eddy Killing from Global Satellite Observations
- The 12th Omega Laser Facility Users Group Workshop